25 Apr 2019

 

Why Khartoum Peace Agreement Is In Jeopardy And The Way Forward.

"Without accountability and transparency in the usage of public funds, the UN, Troika and Western countries cannot recognize the Khartoum peace accord and thus supporting it financially, diplomatically and morally."

By Kocrup Makuach

On June 23, 2018, a direct round talk between President Salva Kiir and Dr. Riek Machar, leader of the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement –In Opposition, PLM-IO and other opposition parties was launched in Khartoum, capital of Sudan.
A framework accord was signed on Aug 7, 2018. This is to put an end to the six years of brutal civil war that has killed tens of thousands and displaced millions in South Sudan since December 2013 and 2016 respectively.
The peace agreement was signed at the behest and auspices of President Omar Al- Bashir of the Republic of Sudan and Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD). As a result, the two principals of the SPLM sections and other opposition parties were supposed to implement the Revitalized Peace Agreement to the letter and spirit.
A Transitional Government of National Unity, TGoNU, committee was formed, and headed by Presidential Advisor, Hon. Tut Kew Gatluak and Hon. Angelina Teny of SPLM-IO and members from other opposition parties to stir and push for the matrix implementation of agreement’s protocols.
Unfortunately, the Khartoum Declaration Agreement is still tainted by enormous challenges!
Some challenges were unforeseen while others are deliberate making of the parties involved. For example, there was supposed to be implementation of security arrangement, which has always been a threat to earlier peace agreements. This has got to do with series of violations of Cessation of Hostilities Agreement among signatory parties.
Failed implementation of the Security Arrangement prevailed in spite of the fact that the much touted recent Juba Peace Celebrations were a signal to peace agreement implementation. Their aim was to build trust and cement the social fabric among 64 tribes of South Sudan.
Since the signing of Khartoum Declaration Agreement, there has been slow implementation of the agreement from all its signatories. The challenge of lack of financial funding from the donors is also affecting the Khartoum Peace Agreement.
The public, however, sees this as mere excuse, since the country has not shown accountability efforts even in the little funds the government raises from taxes and oil revenues.
Runaway corruption is widespread and the masses plea and protest over inaction on it have gone unaddressed in the past.
Without accountability and transparency in the usage of public funds, the UN, Troika and Western countries cannot recognize the Khartoum peace accord and thus supporting it financially, diplomatically and morally.
In conclusion, President Salva Kiir Mayardit, Dr Riek Machar and other opposition groups should join together and convince the South Sudanese, the region and the whole world that they are ready to implement the Khartoum peace process. They should do so by committing themselves to fighting corruption and recognizing that the interests of all the citizens of South Sudan come first.
They also should be committed to forego selfishness, ethnicity, sectarianism, injustices and internecine conflict. This is because the whole world is tired of the intransigence and political mutation of the leaders in South Sudan to return the country back to peace and stability. If that is addressed, the International community will support the agreement.
There is going to be need for Economic Recovery, Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR), institutional reforms, repatriation of refugees and embarking on nation -building reconstructions.
But there is an African old adage, which says that “who cannot account for a calabash cannot be entrusted to draw water from the stream”.
Posted in: Opinions
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