President Salva Kiir Mayardit. [Gurtong | File]
By Waakhe Simon Wudu
JUBA, 28 September 2012 [Gurtong] - “Today (Thursday) is a great day in the history of our region as we witnessed the signing of the cooperation agreement that brings to end long conflicts between our two countries,” Kiir said in a release to the media.
Kiir reiterated the commitment of South Sudan to the agreement, saying; “we are determined to pursue this as we embark on the implementation of this cooperation agreement.”
Kiir together with his counter part, the Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir yesterday signed a deal on resumption of oil production in South Sudan, trade between the two countries, demilitarised buffer zone and citizenship in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Agreement between the two countries came following hard pressure by the African Union (AU) and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) threatening to impose sanctions if the duo failed to strike a deal this month.
Tensions between the two countries have for the last eight months remained high after South Sudan shut down her oil production as Khartoum and Juba could not agree on terms of using Sudan facilities to export the South Sudanese oil.
The two governments resorted to cancellation of flights and border movements between them besides other purposely imposed provocative activities consequently hardening economic situation in the two countries.
Both reached a brink of war in April this year after heightened tensions reached peak before the intervention of the international community threatened sanctions.
South Sudan seceded from Sudan last year and broke away with over 70 per cent of Sudan’s oil revenue.
However, the deal reached between the two parties is not a comprehensive agreement on the key issues. It excluded security, border demarcation and Abyei contested region which analysts insist unless talked the deal reached still risks breakdown.