Republic of S. Sudan Proposal: Agreement on Friendly Relations & Cooperation Between the two Sudans

ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA (July 2012)- The Agreement on Friendly Relations & Cooperation (AFRC) Between The Republic of South Sudan and The Republic of Sudan: A Republic of South Sudan Proposal

CHAPEAU

WHEREAS the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was concluded on 9 January 2005 ("CPA") which ended the civil war between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army and laid the foundation for a new relationship of peace and cooperation between Northern Sudan and Southern Sudan;

WHEREAS the Parties are encouraged by the progress made by them in the implementation of the CPA;

WHEREAS the people of Southern Sudan exercised their right to self-determination and voted for secession in the referendum held in January 2011, and leading to the emergence of the Republic of South Sudan as an independent sovereign state on 9 July 2011;

WHEREAS the Republic of Sudan was the first to recognize the new State of the Republic of South Sudan and the other nations of the world followed by recognizing and welcoming South Sudan into the community of nations;

WHEREAS the Parties are desirous to open a new page in their relations and create and sustain an atmosphere where the two nations can peacefully co-exist and benefit from one another in a manner that honours the shared history of their people, and their common aspirations for peace and development;

WHEREAS the two Parties have met in continuous negotiations between June 2010 and July 2012, in Juba, South Sudan, Khartoum, Sudan, and in various locations throughout the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia under the auspices of the African Union High Level Implementation Panel, and with the objective of concluding an agreement on post-2011 referendum issues, security arrangements, and other related matters such as their common border, various economic issues, the final status of the Abyei Area, and the protection of nationals of one State resident in the other.

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