Haemorrhagic Disease Outbreak Threatens Livestock In Jonglei State

The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) has said that it is responding to a recent outbreak of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) in Twic East, Duk and Bor counties in Jonglei State.

Haemorrhagic Disease Outbreak Threatens Livestock In Jonglei State
Twenty thousand doses of vaccine were also reported to have been sent to Bor, Twic East and Duk Counties. In February, FAO has again supplied an additional 60,000 doses of vaccine as well 600 doses of Oxytetracycline to treat infe

By Misuk Moses Mule

JUBA, 03 March, 2013 [Gurtong]- About 2,500 cows are estimated to have died of the disease in the first two months of 2013.

“The mortality from HS is very apparent in some cattle camps in Jonglei” stated Dr. Sue Lautze, FAO Head of Office, who just returned from a visit to the affected counties.

In January 2013, Dr. Mary Gordon, the Jonglei State Acting Director General of the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, is reported to have requested FAO’s assistance with responding to an outbreak in Lith payam in Twic East.

Twenty thousand doses of vaccine were also reported to have been sent to Bor, Twic East and Duk Counties. In February, FAO has again supplied an additional 60,000 doses of vaccine as well 600 doses of Oxytetracycline to treat infected cattle.

To date, vaccinators from the State Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, FAO and Veterinarians Sans Frontieres (Germany) have reached more than 50,000 cattle of the 100,000 targeted for vaccination.

Blood samples have been taken from a number of cattle in the three counties. The results of this analysis will be known next week, and response strategies will be adjusted according to a release.

FAO predicts the disease is likely to spread to other areas if not prevented and contained with vaccination and treatment programmes. This will pose a serious threat to household food and nutrition security.

FAO is also seeking additional funds from donors in order to support its work which is essential for limiting the spread of disease and treating infected cattle.

Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, which is endemic to South Sudan, is a bacterial disease that affects the respiratory system in cattle.

Once infected, cattle experience swelling around the neck and restricted breathing. Infected animals suffer a very high mortality rate if not treated in time, dying within two to three days. Outbreaks are triggered by a range of events including extreme weather conditions, migration, or poor nutrition.

South Sudan’s Jonglei State is estimated to have over a million cows. 

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