20 Jan 2020

Introduction

Education Status in South Sudan

 According to the latest World Bank Education status and challenges report on the Republic of South Sudan released in September 2012, access to Primary School Education and Alternative Education System (AES) has greatly improved from 2007.
 
The 175 page report entitled “Education in the Republic of South Sudan: Status and Challenges for a New System” from 2007 to 2009 shows that enrollment of pupils increased from 1,127963 to 1,380, 580.
 
From 2005 to 2009, about 700,000 more children enrolled in primary school.  A child in South Sudan now has a 60% chance of receiving some schooling, up from 40% a decade ago this is because the report shows that at least 60% of teenage children have enrolled for primary education.
 
This means about 40% of the same age bracket remains out of school as fewer pupils above the age of 19 years enroll for primary education.
 
The report according to World Bank shows that South Sudan is working hard to build an inclusive education system in the face of huge unmet needs. However, the bank says to catch up with the rest of Africa, South Sudan needs consistent and higher investment in education for more classrooms, more schools in rural areas, more trained teachers and more equitable and efficient allocation of resources for education across the country.
 
Despite the impressive improvement in children’s enrollment, the completion and retention remain poor. The report shows that the primary education completion rate is 26% for the first six years of primary education and only 8% complete the eight year-circle. After primary four (grade 4), the dropout rate is steep and persistent.  
 
Rural children, poorer children and girls are considerably more disadvantaged in terms of school enrollment and retention. Much as the gap between girls and boys has reduced, girls still repeat classes more than their male counterparts.  
 
Central Equatoria State has the highest rate of P8 attainment while Jonglei and Warrap have the lowest rates.
 
Education challenges/Teachers
 
Only 39% of the teachers are trained and are not necessarily deployed according to number of students at schools and school levels.
 
Three out of five teachers receive a salary from the government, with an average of 80 children to each salaried teacher. Government-funded teachers are distributed unevenly.  From 84% of all teachers in Eastern Equatoria to 32% in Jonglei as most of the teachers are volunteers.
 
Shortage of text books, papers and writing materials, incomplete syllabus coverage and a reduction in government’s expenditure per pupil are the other key challenges affecting the learning environment in South Sudan.
In 2007, Government of South Sudan spent SDG 113, in 2008 SDG 118 and SDG 83 in 2009 per pupil in real terms.
 
Alternative Education System
 
Alternative Education System makes the