7 Mar 2021

Sudan's Elections 2010 - Candidates Profiles

Sudan Presidential  Candidates  |   S. Sudan Presidential Candidates   |  S. Sudan Governors Nominees

Sudan 's National Presidential Candidates

Sudan will hold its first democratic elections in 24 years in April and nominations closed on Wednesday.

In the presidential vote, if no single candidate wins more than 51 percent of the vote, the top two will go head-to-head in a second round.

More than a dozen candidates are likely to stand, all Muslim with one woman and one southerner among the contenders, the elections commission says.

Here are profiles of some of the leading candidates:


Arman is a northern Muslim who joined the former southern rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) 24 years ago.

He says his nomination proves the SPLM is a truly national party, and has vowed to win the votes of the millions of marginalised in Sudan, push through democratic reforms and prioritise development.

Some analysts say the SPLM's decision to nominate him, rather than party leader Salva Kiir, implies they are more interested in consolidating their position in the south than in winning the national poll.

Kiir is running in the separate poll for president of southern Sudan which is due to vote on independence in 2011.

Arman, 49, whose father is from the same Ja'aliy tribe as President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, has been vilified by the NCP.

As the head of the SPLM parliamentary group, he advocated that sharia not be applied to non-Muslims and pro-NCP Islamist scholars issued a fatwa implying Arman was an apostate, a crime punishable by death.

He is married to a Christian Dinka from Abyei and has two daughters. Arman was nominated with more than 56,000 supporting signatures for the presidency.


Sudan's 74-year-old president is also a wanted man, with an arrest warrant hanging over his head from the International Criminal Court (ICC) over alleged war crimes in Darfur.

If anything, Bashir's defiance of the warrant, and implicitly of the West, has enhanced his appeal among parts of the northern electorate.

That, combined with the domination of the army, the security services and state media by his National Congress Party (NCP) has led many to see him as the favourite in the presidential race.

Bashir was an obscure army brigadier when he came to power in a bloodless coup in 1989 in an alliance with Islamists, deposing the country's last elected civilian government.

In the early years of his rule, he oversaw Sudan's transformation into a radical Islamic pariah state and provided a refuge for al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden and Carlos the Jackal.

In 2005, he brought his country closer to the international fold with a peace deal that ended more than two decades of north-south civil war.

That progress was overshadowed by a revolt in Darfur.

Colleagues describe Bashir as a back-seat leader who rallies crowds with populist rhetoric, often followed by a jig.

Bashir has promised to resolve the Darfur conflict through negotiations and to enhance relations with the south, even if it chooses secession in a 2011 referendum. He was nominated with 31,000 signatures.


The head of the Umma party is revered by a large part of Sudan's northern population as a spiritual leader and a descendent of the self-proclaimed Mahdi, a visionary figure who fought the British in the 19th century.

In the elections, Mahdi will play on his democratic credentials as Sudan's last elected civilian prime minister and on the large support for his party's associated Islamic sect, the Ansar.

Oxford educated, he served as prime minister twice until he was overthrown by Bashir in 1989. His party has suffered splits since his return from exile in 2000.

The Umma traditionally enjoyed mass support in Darfur. Many surmise a revolt which shattered the tribal administration could affect their influence there during the vote.

Late last year, he was one of the driving forces behind a loose alliance between more than 20 parties, including the SPLM, the Communists and the Popular Congress Party (PCP).

The "Juba Alliance", which called for democratic and financial reforms, has since shown signs of faltering. Its members have hinted they would rally behind a single candidate against Bashir if there is a second round of the presidential poll.

He was nominated with about 34,000 signatures.


Nhial is a south Sudanese Muslim who was part of Bashir's government before Islamist ideologue Hassan al-Turabi lost a bitter leadership battle in 1999/2000 and split to form his opposition Popular Congress Party (PCP).

PCP leader Turabi, who has spent years in jail or under house arrest since his rift with Bashir, said he wanted to show the PCP was a national party with no regard for race or ethnicity with the choice of Nhial to run for president.

From the largest southern Sudanese tribe, the Dinka, the 56-year-old is a relative of the late SPLM leader John Garang.

From a humble background in the deep south, he wants to reduce poverty by prioritising education, health and sanitation, and stamp out on corruption.

He hopes that as the first south Sudanese president -- he is the only southern candidate -- he will encourage southerners to vote for unity in a 2011 referendum on independence.

From a multi-faith family of Christians, Muslims and traditional religions, he said his party would not enforce Islamic law on the south.

Nhial is an Arabic teacher and graduated from al-Azhar University in Cairo. He was minister of religious endowments, youth and sport, minister of peace and a parliamentary whip during his 10 years of government.

He was nominated with more than 26,000 supporting signatures.


The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a sectarian party, considered to be one of the largest parties in north Sudan enjoying mass support from Muslims affiliated with the religious Khatmiyya sect.

In the last democratic elections in 1986, the DUP formed a coalition government with Mahdi and held the post of president, at that time a less influential position.

Spokesman for the DUP, al-Sir is a distant relative of the powerful al-Merghani family who lead the party. He grew up in the family home in Khartoum before leaving to follow the party's religious leader Mohamed Osman al-Merghani into exile in 1989.

The Khatmiyya believe the al-Merghanis are descendents of the Prophet Mohammad.

After moving between Egypt, Eritrea and Saudi Arabia, al-Sir returned to Sudan only last year for the funeral of Mohamed's brother, former President Ahmed Osman al-Merghani.

Observers say Al-Sir is trusted implicitly by the party powerhouse Mohamed Osman al-Merghani who prefers to lead from "behind the scenes".

Despite the party having split many times, DUP leader al-Merghani still commands a major following. He was nominated with more than 44,000 signatures. (Reporting by Opheera McDoom and Andrew Heavens; editing by Andrew Dobbie)

Source: Reuters

South Sudan Presidential Candidates


Born in 1951, Kiir is the current President of the autonomous Government of Southern Sudan and the successor to the post of Vice President of Sudan, following the death of John Garang in a crash on 30 July 2005. A founding member of the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), he was chosen by the SPLA leadership to continue the peace process that formally ended the Second Sudanese Civil War in January 2005.

He is from a village close to Sudan's north-south border in Warrap State, one of the most under-developed areas of the war-ravaged south. He is from the south's largest Dinka tribe, which critics say dominates southern politics and the army.

In the 1960s, Kiir had joined the southern rebels in the First Sudanese Civil War. By the time of the peace deal of 1972, he had become an officer in the rebel forces and found a position in the regular army. When John Garang joined an army mutiny that he had been sent to quell in 1983, Kiir joined with Garang to found the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), and rose to head its military wing, the SPLA.

Kiir was involved in the early stages of negotiating the peace treaty that ended the civil war and is well-known to northern politicians. His selection by the SPLM leadership to succeed Garang was seen by analysts as a clear signal that they intended to keep the peace process on course, despite Garang's unexpected death. Kiir is speculated to be more in favour of South Sudanese independence, as opposed to autonomy within a federal Sudan, than was Garang. He was sworn in as a Vice President of the Government of Sudan on 11 August 2005.


Dr Akol, 59, a prominent member from the Shilluk tribe, was born in a small village in the oil-producing Upper Nile State. A southern intellectual with a PhD in chemical engineering, he was a lecturer in Khartoum when Sudan's second north-south war broke out in 1983. He also worked recruiting people for the southern insurgency.

In 1991, he and the southern rebel commander Riek Machar who is now the south's vice president, spilled from the southern rebels complaining that its leadership was undemocratic and that there had been an unnecessary loss of life. The split triggered the most demoralising period of the war for many southerners in which tens of thousands of people lost their lives in south-south battles.

His armed group controlled parts of Upper Nile State and in 1997 he signed the Fashoda Peace Agreement with Khartoum. However, he later returned to the southern rebel SPLM.

He was given a prominent job in the coalition national government formed after the 2005 peace deal. Many in the SPLM complained that as Sudan's foreign minister, he was too closely aligned with the north and he was removed. The SPLM says his SPLM-DC party is funded by Khartoum, which he denies.

Akol is promising an end to corruption in his campaign which has been limited in the south, which his party says is because of harassment by the SPLM-dominated authorities. While many analysts believe he is unlikely to win, his anti-graft stance may attract votes from those fed up with greedy South Sudanese government officials.

(Additional information from Reuters)


List of candidates for South Sudan States Governorship 

Various political parties in South Sudan have each nominated candidates for the position of Governorship across all the ten states. Among these are also independent candidates

State Candidate Party
Central Equatoria Peter Abdul Rahman Sule Ladu UDF
Alfred Ladu Gore Umba Independent
Clement Wani Konga Gwollo SPLM
James Loro Ciricio Laku NCP
Ayine Richard Simon Nigo SSDF
Eastern Equatoria Abdalla Albert Alfogar NCP
Louis Lobong Lojore Loyanmoe SPLM
Aloisio Emor Ojetuk Ofuho Independent
Western Equatoria Jemma Nunu Tarira Kumba SPLM
Awad Kisanga Said Ahmed NCP
Abbas Bullen Ajalla Bambey UDSF-M
Bangasi Joseph Mario Bakosoro Independent
Natale Ukele Alex Kimbo Independent
Western Bahr-el-Ghazal Rizik Zackaria Hassan Dogoogoo SPLM
Isaac Elias Ibrahim Two SSDF
Rozeta Tartizio Ugali Kaffa ANC
Stephen Musa Ngeleto Yas NCP
Ayuel Longar Akol Biar Independent
Paul Akok Severino Madut Independent
Northern Bahr-el-Ghazal Kawac Makuei Mayar Kawac UDSF-M
Paul Malong Awan Anei SPLM
Dau Aturjong Nyuol Dau Independent
Joseph Ajung Mayuol Kuel NCP
Warrap Mayom Kuoc Malek SSDF
Henry Akoon Agai ANC
Nyandeng Malek Deliec SPLM
Lakes Chol Tong Mayay Jang SPLM
Gabriel Kuc Abyei Mayol ANC
Joseph Malwal Dong Riak UDSF
Isaac Awan Maper Ater NCP
Jonglei Kuol Manyang Juuk Chaw SPLM
Joseph Duer Jakok NCP
George Athor Deng Dot Independent
Upper Nile

(Names are transliteration from Arabic, so may not be as they normally appear in English)
Younis Awor Akuol Independent
Gatluak Deng Garang Independent
Sarah Nyanath Elijah Independent
Stephen Lur Nyal USAP
Peter Shuramin Sawaj Independent
Bol Andrew Woyi UDF
Gabriel Changson Chang UDSF-M
Dak Duop Bashuok NCP
William Athiang Awor NCP
Simon Kun Puoch SPLM
Peter Adwok Nyaba Independent
Unity Taban Deng Gai SPLM
Bol Lele Mathot NCP
Andria Kuong Rai SSDF
James Mabor Gatkuoth NDP
Angelina Jany Teny Independent
Kuong Nerew Dong Independent
Thamson Thon Teny SPLM-DC

In the Northern States the candidates include;
  • Hamad Adam Hamad                         White Nile
  • Dr. Mohamed Yousif Al Mustafa        Jazeera
  • Ali Khalifa Ali Askori                             River Nile
  • Khadi Omer Rumboi                           Kassala
  • Izdihar Juma Saeed                            Northern State
  • Jafar Bamkar Mohamed Abdella      Red Sea
  • Omer Al Tayeb Yousif Abu Ruaf        Sinnar
  • Ahmed Abdel Bagi Bilal                      Northern Kordofan
  • Salwa Adam Bunia                              Gadarif
  • Omer Abdel Rahman Adam              South Darfur
  • Edward Lino Abyei                               Khartoum
  • Arbab Mohamed Ibrahim                    West Darfur
  • Dr. Adam Musa Abdel Ghafaar          Northern Darfur.

The SPLM Political Bureau continues to deliberate on the Members of the Assemblies.

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