28 Nov 2020

The President | Presidential Advisors | Presidential Decrees | Founding President

Presidency of the Republic of South Sudan

The President of the Republic of South Sudan is the head of the Government of South Sudan and the Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA). He represents the will of the people and exercises the powers invested in the office of the President of the Republic of South Sudan by the the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan.

The President of the Republic of South Sudan:

  • Preserves the security of South Sudan and protects its territorial integrity;
  • Supervises constitutional executive institutions and provides exemplary leadership in public affairs in the Republic of South Sudan;
  • Appoints holders of constitutional and judicial posts in accordance with the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan and other laws;
  • Presides over the South Sudan Council of Ministers;
  • Initiates constitutional amendments and legislations and assent to bills passed by the South Sudan National Legislative Assembly by signing such bills into law;
  • Summons, adjourns or prorogues the South Sudan National Legislative Assembly in consultation with the Speaker of the Assembly;
  • Confirms death sentences, grants pardons, and remits convictions or penalties according to the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan and the laws of the Republic of South Sudan;
  • Appoints his advisors;
  • Appoints ad hoc committees and commissions;
  • Confers honours;
  • Generally represents the Government and people of the Republic of South Sudan;
  • Creates, reorganizes and disbands ministries, commissions and other administrative units of the Government of South Sudan and assigns their functions and duties;
  • Appoints ministers, chairpersons of commissions, and heads of other administrative units together with their senior-most public servants;
  • Oversees the administration of the decentralized system of government in the Republic of South Sudan; and
  • Performs any other function as may be prescribed by the law.

(Source: Goss.org)

The President

His Excellency Salva Kiir Mayardit is the President of the Republic of South Sudan, chairman of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement (SPLM), Commander-in-Chief of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army (SPLA).
Hon Mayardit replaced the late Dr Garang in all the four positions when the latter perished in a plane crash on 30 July 2005 after being in office for barely three weeks. He was sworn into the office of first Vice-President of the Republic of Sudan on 11 July 2005 in Khartoum. H.E. Mayardit is a founding member of SPLM/A and was a close comrade-in-arms with the late Garang since the inception of the liberation movement in 1983 and rose through the ranks to become the second in command of the movement and the army. He was actually the leader of the SPLA - the military wing of the movement.

Kiir, a Dinka, was born in 1951 in the Bahr-el-Ghazal region. He joined the liberation war early in his life beginning with the Anyanya 1 in the early 1960s and had risen to a fairly senior position by the time the war ended in 1972 with the signing of the Addis Ababa Accord. Thereafter, he joined the national Sudan army in which he served until 1983 when he joined SPLM/A.

He is a teetotaler and non-smoker with remarkable military/political experience and qualities. He was involved in the peace negotiations right from the beginning. His leadership qualities and experience have earned him respect in South Sudan.  Due to his close comradeship with the late Garang, he is perceived as the embodiment and assurance of the future of the peace agreement spearheaded by the fallen hero. Indeed, many political analysts and opinion leaders worldwide describe him as the Biblical Joshua who took the mantle of leadership from Moses just as the Israelites were on the verge of entering Canaan and capably established the then fugitives in the Promised Land.

"May perfect peace abound for ever in the Republic of South Sudan".
(Source: Goss.org)

Presidential Advisors

Daniel Awet Akot Military Affairs
Tor Deng Mawien Decentralization & Intergovernmental Linkages
Tut Kew Security Affairs
Dr. John Gai Yoh Educational Affairs
Aggrey Tisa Sabuni Economic Affairs
Lawrence Korbandy Legal Affairs
Dr Anne Itto Agriculture and Food Security
Tahir Bior Abdalla Ajak Religious Affairs
Nhial Deng Nhial Senior Advisor and Presidential Envoy
Clement Wani Konga Special Affairs

(Source: Goss.org)

Founding President

The late Dr. John Garang De Mabior Atem is a founder of the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Sudan Liberation Army (SPLA) and eventually became the President of the Government of the Southern Sudan after he signed one of Africa longest war with Khartoum based government. John Garang lost his life of the plane crush as he was coming from Uganda to his base in Southern Sudan; barely after two weeks in the office.

Dr. Garang was born John Garang to Mabior Atem and his wife Gak Malwal Kuol on June 23, 1945 at Buk village, Nyuak Payam (Twich East County), Bor area in Jonglei State. He was the sixth of the family's ten children comprising seven boys and three girls. Dr. John was a disciplined but inquisitive child who grew respecting his parents and the community. His parents were strict Christians hence the discipline with which they brought up their children.

Young John began his education at Tonj and Buseri primary and intermediate schools. Upon completing primary education, he joined Rumbek Secondary School. However, his stay there was short-lived. He was expelled after taking part in a strike. He went to Tanzania where he joined Magamba Secondary School from where he completed his studies having passed with flying colours. Thereafter, he joined the University of Dar es Salaam where he was a classmate to President Yoweri Museveni of Uganda. John also received a scholarship to Grinnel College in the USA where he was awarded BA in Economics. Due to his quest for knowledge, he pursued further studies in the USA and was awarded a PhD in Economics by Iowa State University in 1981. His love for his country and the dream of its development was epitomed in his doctoral thesis was entitled: Aspects for Development in Southern Sudan.

Dr. John was first recruited into the liberation army when he was 17 during the Anyanya I revolt but he dropped out after a short stint to go back to school. It is reported that the commanders saw his intellectual prowess and urged him to complete his education first. No wonder he rejoined Anyanya I army soon after he came back to Sudan in 1971. His military organization skills was recognized fast and he was soon dispatched for a company commanders' course in the American Military Academy where he graduated in the top three positions. He remained in the army until he left the country for his doctoral studies. He returned in 1982 and rose to the level of Colonel and was based at Khartoum as a military planner. On May 16, 1983, a group of army officers based at Bor mutinied. Dr. Garang was sent by the Nimeiri's government to quell the mutiny. Converse to the government's expectations, Dr. Garang joined that mutiny than fight his own people. Due to his leadership qualities he became the leader of this group and set up a command base on the Sudan-Ethiopia border. This is how SPLM/A was born.

 Dr. Garang married Rebecca Nyandeng on December 19, 1976. They were blessed with seven children of whom one died in infancy. The surviving children are Mabior, Chuol, Gak, Akwal, Nyankuir and Atong.

Dr. John was a well travelled person and a Pan-African for that matter. For instance, he lived in Kibera in Kenya's capital in the early 1960s. He even taught at Gatung'ang'a secondary school in Nyeri between 1965 and 1966; just before he flew to Iowa on a scholarship.

(Source: Goss.org )


Last updated at 11/20/2020

Government of the Republic of South Sudan (RSS)

  About South Sudan
  Ten States
  Legislative Assembly
  The Judiciary
  Independent Commissions
  Laws, Legislation & Policies
  Investing in South Sudan

Governance of the Republic of South Sudan States

     Central Equatoria State
     Eastern Equatoria State
     Jonglei State
    Lakes State   
     Northern Bahr el Ghazal State
     Unity State
    Upper Nile State
     Warrap State
     Western Bahr el Ghazal State
     Western Equatoria State


State Information